Auteur :

Paul Lecroart

Summary :

  • Preparing the World Cup in the Plaine Saint-Denis Area (1990-1998)
  • Key-dates
  • The event itself : an unexpected driver of change
  • What has happened since the World Cup ? Urban development 1999-2007 and prospects for 2020
  • A few Lessons from the project : planning and urban management, governance, time and money
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Avenue Wilson in central Plaine Saint-Denis. Stadium in the distance.- Photo : © Lecroart (Paul), IAU îdF

Saint-Denis, a historic city with industrial heritage and water.- Photo : © Lecroart (Paul), IAU îdF

A refurbished metro station for the Soccer World Cup at La Plaine-Stade de France.- Photo : © Lecroart (Paul), IAU îdF

The Plaine Saint Denis Regeneration in the Paris Ile-de-France Region. Lessons from the 1998 World Cup

Mai 2007

The Stade de France, a new multi-use venue built for the Word Cup 1998, was used as a powerful driver in the regeneration of the Plaine Saint-Denis area, 750 hectares of industry and brownfield immediately to the North of Paris. This was made possible because the local authorities had gradually built up, since the mid-80’s, an economic and spatial vision of the future they wanted for the area, formalised in the Projet Urbain (1991).
Nine years after the Cup, a lot has been achieved in terms of mix-use development (over 1 million sq m. built since 1996), jobs recovery (+20,000 jobs), housing (+4,000 units, 40% social), an improved public realm and new facilities, but more remains to be done in the future with more development and transport projects being planned for the 2008-2020 period within this area and at a wider scale : that of the Plaine de France area stretching 25 km from Paris to the Charles-de-Gaulle International Airport. The presentation shows how the project was, is and will continue to be delivered. It also draws some lessons seen from a planning and a project governance point of view.

This presentation on the impact of Word Cup 1998 on the regeneration was first shown and discussed in Johannesburg, South Africa in the course of an International Seminar of Experts on development and spatial strategies for the City of Joburg and the Province of Gauteng.

IAU île-de-France wishes to thank Danièle Vigier, Head of Strategic Planning and Bernard Dubrou, Director of Real Estate Plaine Commune (Ile-de-France), Alan Mabin, Head of Architecture and Planning School (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg) and Philip Harrison, Executive Director of Planning (City of Johannesburg)

Others studies in the same domain :

Economic Development

Urban Planning

More about this study :



Paul Lecroart


Main development stakeholders (Stadium and area)

  • City of Paris, land owner of Stadium area
  • City of Saint-Denis, planning and overall development impulse and control
  • Local State Administration, World Cup project and transport coordination, strategic area committee
  • Ile-de-France Regional Council, infrastructure and development funding
  • SANEM Stade de France, a State development corporation (developing Stadium and area, post-Cup management control of Stadium)
  • Plaine Development, a local development corporation (with State)

Cost of Stadium: 390 M€ (200 M€ private funds)

  • Total public investment (1994-1999): 740 M€ (incl. Stadium)
  • Total public investment (2000-2006): approx. 450 M€